Education & training
Otolaryngologist (ENT) treats conditions involving the ear, nose and sinuses, the throat and the airway including snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea, congenital problems involving the ear, nose and throat and neck, hearing loss and ear and sinus infections. Head & Neck surgeon offers a comprehensive consultative, diagnostic and therapeutic service covering the whole spectrum of Head and Neck, including benign and malignant disease. The spectrum of these conditions includes salivary gland tumours, thyroid and parathyroid tumours, skull base tumours, sarcomas of the head and neck, unknown primary Cancer of the head and neck, paragangliomas. Reconstructive surgeon performs operation on abnormal structures of the body caused by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumours or disease. Cosmetic surgeon improves a person’s aesthetic appearance by altering or reshaping a bodily feature. Plastic surgeon encompasses both cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery.